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Fluid Injection Technique


FIT

Fluid Injection Technology (FIT)

Fluid injection technology (FIT) is an overall term for special injection molding processes in which cavities are created by injecting a fluid into thick-walled, still flask-liquid component areas. Either gas (GIT) or water (WIT) can be used as the driving fluid. Projectile injection technology (PIT) is a process variant in which the melt is displaced by a rigid projectile which is driven through the component with the aid of a fluid (gas or water).

In FIT, the molding process is divided into two parts. First, the plastic melt is injected into the cavity in the same way as in conventional injection molding. Here, a frozen solidified edge layer forms on the mold wall while the melt core is still liquid. After a defined delay time, a fluid is injected into this molten core, which initially displaces the melt into unfilled (blow-out process) or additionally opened (secondary cavity process) cavities or back into the screw cavity (melt back pressure process). The fluid thus forms a cavity. 

Gas Injection Technique & Water Injection Technique

Suitable Materials

The following materials from AKRO-PLASTIC are suitable for the gas and water injection technique, depending on the application:

Handles:

AKROMID® A3 GF 30 1 GIT black (4619) = good surface finish, safe process
AKROMID® A3 GF 15 1 GIT black (4620) = good surface finish, safe process 
AKROMID® B28 GF 50 1 GIT black (4732) = good surface finish, safe process
AKROMID® B3 GF 30 1 GIT black (4598) = good surface finish, safe process
AKROMID® B3 GF 30 1 GIT black (4599) = extremely good surface finish

Cooling water pipes:

AKROMID® A3 GM 20/10 4 WIT black (4529) = thin walls, safe process

Pedals:

AKROMID® A3 GF 30 1 GIT black (4619) = good surface finish, safe process
AKROMID® B28 GF 50 1 GIT black (4732) = good surface finish, safe process
AKROMID® B3 GF 30 1 GIT black (4598) = good surface finish, safe process
AKROMID® B3 GF 30 1 GIT black (4599) = extremely good surface finish
AKROMID® B3 ICF 15 (5026) = good surface finish, safe process

Fluid Injection Technology (FIT)

Process Variants

Melt Pushback

The component is completely filled and the melt is then forced back into the screw unit by means of fluid or a projectile.

Overflow Cavity

The component is completely filled and the melt is then forced into a secondary cavity by means of fluid or a projectile.

Short Shot

Inflation method:
The component is partially filled (generally 60-90%) and the melt is then inflated with fluid by means of an injector close to the sprue.
If the melt is displaced with a projectile as well as with the fluid, the process is called projectile injection technology (PIT). This can be combined with various filling methods as well as different fluids.

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